Periodontitis – Symptoms and causes

Periodontitis – Symptoms and causes

Overview

It is a serious gum disease that damages the soft tissue and destroys the bone that supports your teeth. It can also cause the teeth to loosen or lead to tooth loss. Periodontitis is very common and largely preventable. It is usually caused because of poor oral hygiene. Brushing your teeth twice a day and flossing once a day can improve your chances of preventing the advanced gum disease says the dentist in San Francisco.

Symptoms

  • Swollen or puffy gums
  • Bright red or purplish gums
  • Gums that feel tender when touched
  • Gums that bleed easily
  • Pus between your teeth and gums
  • Bad breath
  • Loose teeth
  • Painful chewing
  • Change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite

There are different types of periodontitis, which includes chronic, aggressive, and necrotizing explains the dentist near 94115.

Causes

According to the dentist in CA, in most of the cases, gum disease begins as a result of poor oral hygiene habits.

  • Plaque forms on your teeth
  • Plaque can harden under the gum line into tartar
  • Plaque can cause gingivitis
  • Ongoing gum inflammation can cause gum disease

Risk factors

  • Gingivitis
  • Genetics
  • Obesity
  • Diseases such as diabetes and arthritis
  • Poor oral health
  • Old age
  • Hormonal changes in women
  • Substance abuse
  • Taking medicines that dry mouth
  • Deficiency of vitamin C
  • Weak immunity

Complications

Advanced gum disease can lead to tooth loss and the bacteria responsible for gum disease can enter your blood stream affecting your heart, lungs, and other parts of the body. It is linked with the respiratory diseases, arthritis, coronary artery disease and stroke.

Prevention

The best way of preventing gum disease is to follow a good oral hygiene, which includes brushing the teeth twice a day along with flossing them at least once. You must also use a good antibacterial mouthwash after every meal.

Another important thing to consider is seeing your dentist regularly for cleaning. You must visit them twice a year or more if you are at risk of developing gum disease. Dental visit near Fillmore Street and cleaning will help in preventing gum disease.

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